When talking about the famous ministers of the Ming Dynasty, many friends will probably think of Zhang Juzheng first. The reason why Zhang Juzheng has gained such high popularity is mainly because of a series of reform measures he implemented during his tenure as Cabinet Chief. Today, when we look back at historians' evaluations of Zhang Juzheng's reforms, we can find that most of them are based on positive evaluations. Zhang Juzheng is also more praised than criticized.
Indeed, objectively speaking, Zhang Juzheng's reforms indeed extended the life of the Ming Dynasty for nearly a hundred years, pushing the Ming Dynasty, which had actually shown a slump at that time, to push it forward. If it weren't for Zhang Juzheng's reform, the Ming Dynasty's demise would have been much earlier. However, we also need to see that Zhang Juzheng's reform only delayed the demise of the Ming dynasty and slowed down the system of the decline of the Ming dynasty, and did not fundamentally solve many problems that existed in the Ming dynasty.
Although future generations criticized Zhang Juzheng for failing to solve the Ming Dynasty's problems in one fell swoop, Zhang Juzheng's reforms, including Zhang Juzheng's people, did indeed have many problems. The purpose of this article is to relatively objectively and comprehensively demonstrate the specific policies and guidelines of Zhang Juzheng's reforms, and to make a simple evaluation of these policies and guidelines to show readers the relatively comprehensive appearance of Zhang Juzheng's reforms.
Zhang Juzheng's film and television are in peril—the background of Zhang Juzheng's reform
During the Wanli years, the Ming dynasty has been established for more than two hundred years. It seems that it is still a powerful empire, but it is actually in danger. This situation is very dangerous for the young Wanli emperor who has just ascended the throne, or for the entire Ming Dynasty. A little carelessness may overturn the Daming River.
First of all, in terms of politics, there are great problems in the rule of Emperor Jiajing and Emperor Longqing. Although both of them had been aggressive and wanted to start a great career at the beginning of the throne, they soon became passive and the Emperor Longqing became even more passionate. As a result, the country ’s politics not only did not improve, but also worsened. Fall to the point. "The History of the Ming Dynasty" commented on the rule of these two emperors: "Since the Jiajing period, those in power or the government have paid bribes, or all indulgent politics, and officials have not shown mercy to the people, driving them to steal." (Long Qing) The emperor failed to eliminate Gan Gang, corrected the habit, and he also forgave more, but he who was not clear enough! "